Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious bacterial infection that primarily affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body. It is highly contagious and spreads through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Tuberculin skin test in Edmonton or Mantoux test is a common way to diagnose TB. In Edmonton, TST is an essential tool for public health officials to control the spread of TB. This article will discuss the importance of tuberculin skin tests in Edmonton for public health.
What is the tuberculin skin test?
TST, also known as the Mantoux test in Edmonton, is a simple skin test that helps to detect the presence of TB bacteria in the body. It involves injecting a small amount of purified protein derivative (PPD) into the skin on the forearm. The injection site is then examined after 48 to 72 hours for a reaction.
TST is an important tool for the early diagnosis of TB. It can detect TB infection before symptoms appear. Early diagnosis is crucial to prevent from tuberculin.
If a person is diagnosed with TB infection through TST, they can receive preventive treatment to prevent the development of active TB disease. This is particularly important for people with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV or who are taking immunosuppressive medication.
Control of TB outbreaks
TST is an essential tool for public health officials to control TB outbreaks. By identifying people who have been infected with TB bacteria, public health officials can take measures to prevent the spread of TB in the community.
Screening for high-risk individuals
TST is commonly used to screen high-risk individuals, such as healthcare workers, immigrants from high TB-burden countries, and prisoners. Screening these individuals for TB infection helps to prevent the spread of TB to vulnerable populations.
Monitoring TB control programs
TST is used to monitor the effectiveness of TB control programs in Edmonton. By tracking the number of people who test positive for TB infection, public health officials can assess the impact of interventions and adjust their strategies accordingly.
The tuberculin skin test in Edmonton, also known as the Mantoux test, is an essential tool for public health to control the spread of TB. Early diagnosis, preventive treatment, control of TB outbreaks, screening for high-risk individuals, and monitoring of TB control programs are all critical components of TB control efforts. If you think you may have been exposed to TB, contact your healthcare provider in Edmonton to discuss getting a TST.